The annular solar eclipse and the first in this year, will be visible across the world on 26th January from southern parts of Africa, Antarctica, South East Asia and Australia.
The Solar Eclipse will begin at 10.26 am to 4.30 pm on Monday passing through various stages. At its greatest phase, the eclipse will be 92.9% and last for 7.51 minutes.
According to N Sriraghunandan Kumar Secretary Planetary Society, India, the annular eclipse occurs when the sun and moon are exactly inline but the apparent size of the moon is smaller than that of the sun. Hence the sun appears as a very bright ring or annulus surrounding the outline of the Moon, he said.
On Monday, as India is celebrating its Republic day some parts of the country will be witnessing partial phase of annular solar eclipse, the first in the year. The first city that would begin to witness the Solar eclipse is Kanyakumari at 2.08 pm & the last city will be Port Blair to witness the solar eclipse at 2.17 pm till its end at 4.25 pm.
In the country, the solar eclipse will be partially visible in southern India, all places in eastern coast of India, most of North East India Andaman Nicobar and Lakshwadeep islands.
The maximum eclipse will be seen at Port Blair where it will be 39.4 per cent at greatest phase of the eclipse. In other parts of the country, the visibility ranges from 2.2 per cent in Hyderabad to 21.4 per cent within the country barring Port Blair.
Sun’s distance from earth is about 400 times more than the moon distance, and the sun’s diametre is about 400 times the moon’s diameter. Because of this ratio, the sizes of sun and moon appear to be same when seen from earth, however, their orbits being ellipse (oval shape) becomes detrimental in making the eclipse to be total or annular.
Update: On January 27, Mangalore: Under the leadership of Dr. Jayanatha H. and Dr. K. V. Rao, there was Solar Eclipse presentation made possible for the general public in Mangalore. There was large crowd gathered at St. Agnes Special School Grounds to see this unique event. See here for pics: mangalorean.com